Bruise, also called contusion, occurs when capillaries are damaged by trauma, which develops discoloration of the skin. The black or blue mark that is commonly referred to as bruise is caused by the collection of the blood from the damaged blood cells underneath the skin. Although it may give moderate to extreme pain, normal bruise is considered a non-serious medical issue.
A bruise commonly develops after accidentally bumping into something which causes breakage of the capillaries and blood cells. However, there are other reasons why bruises occur.
• Bruise can develop due to tearing of the blood vessels underneath the skin, which commonly occurs to athletes undergoing extensive physical activities like weightlifting and contact sports
• Bruise can also be accompanied by frequent nosebleed and bleeding gums. This type of bruising is associated with bleeding disorder, which usually develops unexplained marks on the skin
• Bruise can be caused by old age. As people grow old, the skin becomes thinner and blood vessels become more fragile, which make them more susceptible in getting bruises.
• Bruise can also develop when taking medicines that make the blood thinner
Appearance of reddish mark on the skin, which is commonly caused by accidental bumping. After a few hours, this red mark will turn black or blue. After a few more days, this dark mark when eventually turn to yellow, which indicates the beginning of healing process.
• Moderate to extreme pain in the affected area. The pain may become more evident as days go by, depending on the severity of the bruise. After a few days, pain will subside and healing begins.
• In some cases, the appearance of reddish mark is accompanied by a scratch or wound.
Natural Home Remedies for Bruise
A bruise is a condition that commonly occurs in people of all ages. The good thing about bruises is that they can be easily treated with simple natural home remedies.
1. Ice Pack Compress
Probably the most common natural treatment for bruises, ice therapy relaxes and cools down damaged and stressed blood vessels to minimize swelling and promote faster disappearance of dark spot. In addition, applying cold compress on the affected area prevents further leaking of the blood in the damaged blood vessels. Furthermore, cold therapy decreases pain while soothing and relaxing the affected area.
Fill an ice pack with 5 to 10 small ice cubes. Clean the affected area and put the ice pack for about 5 to 10 minutes. If the pack is too cold, lessen the ice cubes. Remove the ice pack if the skin becomes reddish. Rest for a few minutes then reapply. Do this as often as possible to prevent swelling.
If you don’t have an ice pack, get a clean and thick cloth and wrapped with several pieces of ice cubes. Directly apply to the affected area. Do the same steps with ice pack instruction.
Frozen vegetables can also be used as an alternative treatment. Wash the vegetables and wrap in clean thick cotton. Apply to the affected area several times a day.
If these things are not available, you can use stainless steel utensils like spoon and fork. Put the spoon in the freezer for about 10 to 20 minutes. Take the spoon out and clean with water. Apply to the affected area to minimize blood clot.
2. Cloth bandage
To stop further leaking of blood in the bruised area under the skin, wrap an elastic cloth bandage to constrict the tissue. Aside from preventing further blood leakage, the bandage will decrease swelling and promote faster healing.
Wrap a clean elastic bandage in the affected area. Make sure that the bandage puts proper amount of pressure on the tissues to prevent further leaking of the blood, but not too tight to cause more bruises.
3. Hot Compress
The general rule for bruises is to initially apply cold therapy before hot compress. Heat therapy works more effectively with prevention of further swelling.
Fill a clean glass bottle with hot water. Apply to the affected area for about 5 to 10 minutes using a light massaging motion. If the bottle is too hot and causes skin redness, let it cool down for a few minutes.
Aside from hot bottle therapy, you can also use hot bath and hot soak to reduce swelling and prevent further blood leakage. Heat several cups of water until moderately hot. Pour in a clean basin and soak the affected area. You can add a teaspoon of salt to get more anti-inflammatory and antibacterial power.
Pineapple is loaded with bromelain, which is a powerful enzyme that breaks down the protein that causes blood clot and skin inflammation. It is recommended to take 500 mg of bromelain daily to promote faster bruise healing.
To prepare pineapple drink, mix several pieces if cut pineapple with 1 teaspoon of honey and 1 glass of water. Blend to liquid form. Drink a glass at least 3 times daily preferably after a meal.
Probably the most popular way to treat bruises, eating chocolates can actually promote faster bruise healing due to its high level content of cocoa bio active compounds, which are substances rich with anti-inflammatory properties. Aside from consumption, chocolates can also be directly applied on the affected area.
Melt several pieces of chocolate and apply to the affected area. Let it dry for a minutes and then wrap with a clean elastic bandage. Aside from preventing further swelling, this chocolate compress also minimizes blood clotting and stops blood leakage on the capillaries.
Aside from being an effective skin whitener, papaya combats bruises with its Papain extract, a potent substance that treats various skin discolorations and prevents swelling.
Peel a large ripe papaya and cut into thin slices. Consume several slices daily preferably during breakfast. You can also blend with a teaspoon of honey to make a papaya shake. In addition, you can use papaya soap with Papain extracts on the affected area. Soak for about 5 to 10 minutes and then wash off with clean water.
7. Vitamin C
Vitamin c is loaded with anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties which make it an effective natural cure for busies. In addition, vitamin C is highly sought for its ability to promote faster healing of hyper pigmentation, tissue inflammation and tissue damage.
Take 1000 mg vitamin c supplement daily. Aside from getting anti-inflammatory effect, vitamin c also strengthens the immune system from various sicknesses such as common cough and cold. It is also recommended to regularly consume food items that are loaded with this vitamin such as orange, lemon, mango, potato and broccoli.
8. Grape Seed
Grape seed is rich with anti-inflammatory properties that are best taken for faster wound healing. In addition, grape seed reduces the blood flow from damaged blood vessels.
Grape seed juice in tetra packs are readily available in supermarkets. Drink one glass daily preferably during breakfast. To use as a pack, crush 2 teaspoons of grape seed until the extracts come out. Directly apply the extracts to the affected area. Let it dry for a few minutes and wrap a clean elastic cloth or bandage. After a few hours, remove and wash off with clean water. Do this twice daily.
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