A burn is a skin injury that causes the skin cells in the affected area to die. This injury is commonly caused by heat, radiation, friction, pressure, cold or chemicals. A burn usually occurs in households, while children and women are more susceptible due to cooking accidents.
First degree burns affect the superficial skin layers and can easily be treated. Lasting about three to five days, first degree burns commonly result to skin redness without the development of blisters or puss. Second degree burns affect beyond the superficial layers of the skin and result into blisters. Pain and redness usually last for two to three weeks. Third degree burn is an extremely serious skin injury that extends through all layers of the skin. Pain and redness can last for months and proper medical attention is a must. This type of skin injury results to moderate to extreme scarring.
• Cooking accident
• Unsafe cooking stove
• Mishandling chemicals
• Electrical accidents
• Ultraviolet light from tanning beds
• Hot metal
The severity of a burn is marked by the damage on the skin layer and tissues. Below are the usual symptoms of the three levels of burns.
First Degree Burns
• Redness and swelling on the outermost layer of the skin
• Pain on the superficial layer of the skin called epidermis
Second Degree Burn
• Redness and pain on the outermost layer and the second layer of the skin
• Appearance of red , white and blotchy marks on the affected area
• Affected area develops liquid substance
• Moderate to extreme pain
Third degree Burn
• Appearance of black and charred skin marks
• Extreme pain in the affected area
• Skin that looks waxy
• Severe numbness
• Difficulty of breathing which may be due to chemical inhalation or poisoning
Natural Home Remedies for Burns
Minor or first degree burns can easily be treated at home using natural ingredients. These convenient home remedies will minimize pain and redness, while also decreasing the possibility of an infection.
1. Aloe Vera
Probably the most common mistake when treating a burn is by using ice or cold compress. The urge to do this is due to the fact that our natural instinct is to combat the burning sensation caused by the burn. However, doing this will result to more harm than good. Applying ice will restrict proper blood flow, thus doubling tissue damage.
Instead of ice, apply aloe Vera in the affected area. Aloe Vera is loaded with relaxing and cooling properties that can instantly give relief from the pain and burning sensation. In addition, Aloe Vera also effectively decreases swelling and promotes faster repair of the damaged tissues.
Before applying, clean the affected area by using warm running water. Tap dry with a clean towel. Apply Aloe Vera lotion in the affected area at least three times daily. Repeat these steps until the red mark and pain disappear.
2. Tea bags
Tea contains tannic acid, a substance that effectively absorbs heat, thus minimizing the pain caused by burning sensation. Furthermore, green and black teas are loaded with anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial properties that help in faster wound healing.
Put 1 tea bag into a glass with hot water. Add 1 teaspoon of honey to improve taste. Let it cool down for 5 to 10 minutes while the substances from the bag are drawn out. Drink 3 times daily preferably after a meal.
You can also directly apply 1 to two tea bags on the affected area. Quickly submerge the tea bags in hot water and apply over the affected area. Leave for 1o to 20 minutes. You can use a plaster or bandage to hold the bags in place. Do this in the morning and before going to bed.
Vinegar is rich with acetic acid, a common substance found in aspirin which provides instant relief from pain and itching due to burns. In addition, vinegar provides antibacterial and astringent properties that minimize swelling and prepare the skin for faster wound healing.
Apply directly by soaking a clean cotton bud in the vinegar and dabbing gently to the affected area. Allow 20 to 30 minutes before washing off with running water. Repeat as often as you can. You can also soak a clean cloth in the vinegar and apply directly to the affected area. Use bandage or plaster to keep the cloth in place. Leave for 30 minutes to an hour. Do this at least twice daily.
Honey is highly valued for the many wonderful things it can do to the skin. Aside from being nutritious, honey can also effectively kill germs and bacteria that cause infection. As a natural cure for burns, honey provides instant relief from pain and swelling caused by burns. Honey also minimizes the possibility of developing deep scars.
You can directly consume wild raw honey. Take 1 teaspoon every morning preferably after breakfast. To prepare as a drink, mix 1 teaspoon honey with 1 glass of warm water. Add a few drops of lemon or 1 tea bag. Stir well. Drink in the morning and before going to bed.
Directly apply honey to the affected area. Cover with bandage or gauge. Repeat this at least four times daily.
Aside from being a healthy drink, milk also contains fats and proteins that are effective cure for burns. Milk minimizes swelling and pain while also increasing the healing process. Whole milk and yogurt are also known to provide cooling effect while hydrating severely dry and burnt skin.
Drink 1 glass of milk every morning and before going to bed. To use topically, apply yogurt or whole milk on the affected area, Leave for an hour. Use bandage to prevent bacterial infection. Change the bandage at least four times daily.
During the initial days of burns, oat can effectively prevent infection due to its anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties. Oats are also loaded with substances that fight swelling. When the burn is on the healing process, oats can also minimize the urge to scratch due to its cooling and soothing effects. In addition, oat increases the healing process while providing proper skin moisture during the healing process.
Directly apply oats to the affected area. Mix 1 /2 cup of oats with 1 teaspoon of honey. Add some water and stir until the mixture is in paste form. Apply 3 to 4 times daily. Cover with bandage or gauge to hold the oats in place.
Oats must also be consumed regularly to take advantage of its nutritious content. Cook 1 cup of oats with 1.5 cups of water in low heat. Mix 1 tablespoon of honey. Eat during breakfast or as a snack.
7. Coconut oil
Coconut oil is loaded with vitamin E, a potent substance that do numerous wonderful things to the skin. Coconut oil is also rich with fatty acids that act as a skin barrier against various infections. Lastly, coconut oil provides the skin with the perfect pH balance that is vital during the healing process.
Take 1 teaspoon of coconut oil after a meal. Do this twice a day, in the morning and before going to bed. You can also mix 1 teaspoon of coconut oil to your favorite drink or meal.
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