Miscarriage is defined as a pregnancy that ends in its own, happening usually within 13 to 20 weeks of pregnancy. Considered by the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) as the most common type of pregnancy loss, miscarriage truly brings sorrow and sadness to any couple specially mothers. Comprehensive pregnancy studies claim that miscarriage is the outcome of 25% of clinically recognized pregnancies.
There are various kinds of miscarriage, as well as the reasons and circumstances why they occur. Unfortunately, for most miscarriage cases, the specific reasons or explanations about why it happens are hard to pinpoint and sometimes unclear. Below are the most common reasons why pregnancies abruptly ends on its own.
• First Trimester
The usual reason behind miscarriage within the first pregnancy trimester is chromosomal abnormality, which simply means that the fetus has irregular or incorrect chromosomes. The scientific explanation behind this phenomenon is that chromosomal abnormality is the result of two instances: either a damaged sperm or egg cell was fertilized or the zygote did not go to the right division process.
Another common cause of miscarriage during the first semester is low progesterone deficiency. Women that are found to have low levels of progesterone have to take progesterone supplements within the first trimester, although there are no concrete evidence that doing this will decrease the risk of miscarriage.
In addition, genetic problems can also lead to miscarriage. If one of the child’s parents have birth defects, the risk of miscarriage is higher. Moreover, older parents with genetic problems are more likely to experience miscarriage compared to younger ones.
• Second Trimester
Second trimester miscarriages are not likely to be the result of genetic problems and abnormalities. The most common reason for miscarriage during this period is umbilical cord issues, while in a close second is placenta problems. Other reasons include the malformation of the uterine and different types of cervical problems. Aside from miscarriage, all these medical issues under the second trimester may lead to premature birth or delivery.
• Tobacco and Caffeine
Smoking tobacco increases the rate of miscarriage. Regardless of which parent smokes, tobacco smokers have higher rate of experiencing miscarriage compared to non-smokers. Furthermore, the risk is heightened when the smoker is the gestational parent.
Aside from tobacco, too much consumption of caffeine can result to miscarriage. Studies in the past show that pregnant women that consume more than 200 mg of caffeine are more susceptible to miscarriage than those without. In addition, alcohol and cocaine consumption also increase the risks.
Miscarriage can happen to anyone, even to the healthiest parents. There are many signs and symptoms that can lead to this unwanted event. If you experience any of the symptoms below, instantly have an appointment with your doctor to avoid further complications.
• Vaginal Bleeding – Bleeding, which is also called spotting, is one of the earliest symptoms of miscarriage. This happens when gestational parents regularly sees blood in her underwear during the first weeks of pregnancy. Although alarming, it is a fact that 1 out of 4 pregnant women experience bleeding, and more often than not, miscarriage is not the outcome.
• Abdominal Pain – Abdominal pain during pregnancy can be persistent, intermittent, mild or a sharp pain usually experienced in the lower back or pelvic area. This pain usually happens after having vaginal bleeding or spotting. If both bleeding and back pains are present, the risk of miscarriage is highly probable. These symptoms can also lead to ectopic pregnancy. It is extremely vital that you undergo constant medical supervision all throughout your pregnancy.
• No Heartbeat – Some miscarriage cases are sometimes detected during regular checkups when pregnancy is not yet known. For other cases, when a woman already feels early signs of pregnancy and goes for prenatal checkup, the doctor orders an ultrasound to confirm and check the status of the baby. Unfortunately, there are cases when the fetus has no heartbeat or stopped growing, which are also considered common miscarriage symptoms.
5 Home remedies to deal with and prevent miscarriage
1. Avoid stress
Stress increases the risk of miscarriage. Some of the most common sources of stress among pregnant women are from too much work, family issues, financial and emotional issues, and not having enough exercise. It is of extreme importance that the gestational parent is free from stress and regularly gets psychological and emotional comfort during the whole pregnancy. Easy home remedies to eliminate stress include performing yoga, brisk walking, not bringing work to home, enjoying quality time with the family, and creating a comfortable and relaxed home ambiance.
2. Avoid steam or hot bath
Being clean at all times is a must during pregnancy. But take note of the fact that hot and steam baths must be avoided because doing so increases the risks of miscarriage, as well as develop fetal disability. Soaking in bath tubs for prolonged time must also be avoided. Instead of long hot baths, take a quick and cooling shower. Furthermore, make sure to only use soaps and shampoos that are free of chemicals. If the weather is too cold, a hot and soothing wipe all over the body using a damp cloth will do the trick.
3. Avoid interacting with family members with infectious diseases like flu and chickenpox
If any member of the family has flu, colds, cough or chickenpox, make sure to stay away from them during the whole pregnancy period. Even if the gestational parent can no longer be infected with chickenpox, the baby inside the womb is still not immune and can easily be infected even with the slightest contact. A fetus infected with chickenpox is at high risk to miscarriage and can also develop abnormalities during formation. Cold, cough and flu are easily transmitted and put any pregnant woman to the probability of miscarriage. In order to be at the safest environment, relocating to another home or place without any risks of getting these diseases is the best option.
4. Stop exercising if dizziness and nausea are experienced
Light exercises like walking, aerobics or yoga are recommended specially in the early stages of pregnancy. However, if you feel even the slightest signs of dizziness or lightheadedness, instantly stop and take a rest. In some cases, exercising is more harmful than helpful. Symptoms like nausea tells that you are stressing your body as well as the baby. An alternative to these physical activities is breathing exercise, which is less stressful but as effective. Doing breathing exercises regularly allows better oxygen flow and blood circulation all over the body to maintain proper blood pressure.
5. Avoid unhealthy foods
Proper diet is at utmost importance within the whole pregnancy period. Full meals and light snacks are recommended especially now that two mouths are being fed. However, eating at the right time is not enough. Proper nutrition and eating the right kind of food are also vital. Pregnant women must avoid junk and processed food that contain loads of chemicals and harmful ingredients. Daily diet must consist of clean and fresh foods like vegetables and fruits. In addition, drinks with too much sugar and caffeine like coffee and soda must also be avoided. Aside from these harmful drinks, alcoholic drinks, tobacco, and drugs not prescribed by your doctor must never be taken.
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